Information about the Bird Brown Skua
The brown skua (Stercorarius antarcticus), also known as the Antarctic skua, subantarctic skua, southern great skua, southern skua, or hkoakoa (Mori), is a large seabird that breeds in the subantarctic and Antarctic zones and moves further north when not breeding. Its taxonomy is highly complex and a matter of dispute, with some splitting it into two or three species: Falkland skua (S. antarcticus), Tristan skua (S. hamiltoni), and subantarctic skua (S. lnnbergi). To further confuse, it hybridizes with both the south polar and Chilean skuas, and the entire group has been considered to be a subspecies of the great skua, a species otherwise restricted to the Northern Hemisphere.
It feeds on fish (often via kleptoparasitism), other birds, small mammals, eggs and carrion.
This is the heaviest species of skua and rivals the largest gulls, the great black-backed gull and glaucous gull, as the heaviest species in the shorebird order although not as large in length or wingspan. It is 52-64cm (20-25in) in length, 126-160cm (50-63in) in wingspan and has a body mass of 1.2-2.18kg (2.6-4.8lb).S. a. hamiltoni measured on Gough Island, weighed an average of 1.43kg (3.2lb) in 9 males and 1.65kg (3.6lb) in 9 females. S. a. lnnbergi measured in the Chatham Islands weighed an average of 1.73kg (3.8lb) in 30 males and an average of 1.93kg (4.3lb) in 32 females. The latter is the highest colony mean body mass for any living species of shorebird.
A study in 2016 reported that brown skuas can identify individual human beings, possibly indicating high cognitive abilities.
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