Information about the Bird Cambodian Tailorbird
The Cambodian tailorbird (Orthotomus chaktomuk) is a species of bird that was discovered in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, in 2009, during avian influenza checks. In 2013, it was determined to be a unique species and formally described. It is a very small bird, about 10cm long, with an orange-red tuft on its head. The Cambodian tailorbird is endemic to Cambodia, likely confined to a single dense shrub habitat in the floodplain of the Mekong river.
The Cambodian tailorbird was discovered in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, in 2009, during avian influenza checks. Since then, it has been spotted in various parts of Phnom Penh, including on a construction site where bird researcher Ashish John photographed it. His picture was later used to help describe the bird.
In June 2012, John began collaborating with the Wildlife Conservation Society, BirdLife International, the University of Kansas, Louisiana State University, and the Sam Veasna Centre to test the bird's plumage, genetics, and song. The tests determined that it was a unique species. The paper formally describing the Cambodian tailorbird was published in a special online early-view issue of the Oriental Bird Club's journal Forktail. Its specific name comes from a Khmer word which means four-faces, which describes where the bird is found: in the floodplain where the Bassac River, Mekong, and Tonl Sap meet.
The Cambodian tailorbird has a tuft of orange-red feathers on its head, and black feathers on its throat. The rest of its body is light and dark gray. It is about the size of the Eurasian wren. The Cambodian tailorbird is known for its "loud call".
The Cambodian tailorbird lives in a small area of dense scrubland within the floodplain of the Mekong river. The dense shrub habitat allowed it to remain undetected for so long despite living on the outskirts of a major city. It is one of two bird species endemic to Cambodia, the other being the Cambodian laughingthrush.
The discoverers of the Cambodian tailorbird recommended that it be listed as "near threatened" on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's Red List. They said it was at risk because its habitat is declining as a result of increased urbanisation. Most newly discovered species are categorised as such.
Several pair of Cambodian tailorbird reside at my home in Sihanoukville, Cambodia. A nesting pair built a leaf nest and laid three eggs. Only one egg hatched. Both parents diligently fed the fledgling for five days straight but were hampered by squirrels harassing the nest and five days of torrential rainfall. Although I covered the area, on the fifth day the nest had been abandoned and the fledgling missing. I do not know if the fledgling survived (doubtful).
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