Galapagos Mockingbird

Information about the Bird Galapagos Mockingbird

The Galpagos mockingbird (Mimus parvulus) is a species of bird in the Mimidae family. It is endemic to the Galpagos Islands, Ecuador.

The Galpagos mockingbird is one of four mockingbird species endemic to the Galpagos Islands. These four are all closely related, and DNA evidence shows they likely all descended from an ancestor species which reached the islands in a single colonization event. When John Gould first described the species in 1837, based on specimens brought back from the islands by Charles Darwin, he named it Orpheus parvulus. However, because of the rules of binomial nomenclature, Orpheus was declared a junior synonym, and in 1841, George Robert Gray moved all of the Orpheus mockingbirds to the older genus Mimus. In 1890, Robert Ridgway created the genus Nesomimus for the mockingbirds found on the Galpagos Islands, and most taxonomists adopted the change. Recent DNA studies, however, show that the Nesomimus mockingbirds fall within the traditional Mimus genus, making the latter paraphyletic, so some taxonomists have moved them back into Mimus.
There are six subspecies, each endemic to a particular island or islands:
The genus name Mimus is a Latin word meaning "mimic", while the species name parvulus is a Latin word meaning "very small".
Like all of the mockingbirds found in the Galpagos, this species is long-tailed and relatively long-legged, with a long, slim, decurved beak.
The Galpagos mockingbird is the most widespread of the mockingbird species found in the Galpagos; it is found on most of the major (and many of the minor) islands of the archipelago.
Like the other mockingbirds found on the islands, the Galpagos mockingbird is an omnivore; it eats everything from seeds and invertebrates to eggs, baby turtles and Galpagos sea lion placentas. Research suggests that the species may be an effective distributor of invasive plant species across the islands; it eats more fruit than did several tested species of Darwin's finches, but seeds that pass through its digestive tract generally remain viable.
Studies show that avian poxvirus is a significant cause of nesting failure for Galpagos mockingbirds on Santa Cruz. Young birds appear to be more vulnerable than adults to the disease, and suffer high mortality when infected.Larvae of the fly species Philornis downsi, which was accidentally introduced to the Galpagos, are known to attack Galpagos mockingbird nestlings; infestations often result in the death of young birds. The Galpagos mockingbird is also host for a number of species of biting lice, including Docophorus galapagensis, Lipeurus languidus, Menopon insertum, Nirmus galapagensis and Nirmus vulgatus galapagensis. Mockingbirds from the island of Genovesa are known to harbor the coccidian parasite Polysporella genovesae in their intestines.
Although it has a relatively small range and its population has never been quantified, the Galpagos mockingbird is described as "common" and its population appears to be stable, so the International Union for the Conservation of Nature assesses it as a species of Least Concern. Its entire range falls within the Galpagos National Park, and is thus protected. However, like all native wildlife on the archipelago, it faces a number of potential threats, including habitat changes as the result of overgrazing, predation by various introduced species and fires.

More inforamtion about Galapagos Mockingbird.